Analytics and Empirics of Intraday Electricity Trading (AEIT)
Within the research project, the following focus areas were addressed:
- Empirical Analysis;
- Portfolio Management and Trading Strategies of Individual Market Participants;
- Market Equilibria and Regulatory Framework in Sustainable Electricity Systems.
In the project focus "Empirical Analysis", the task was to empirically investigate the intraday market for quarter-hourly and hourly electricity deliveries in Germany (IDM). On the one hand, the focus was on the influence of fundamental factors such as updates of weather forecasts on the price. On the other hand, factors that affect the trading behaviour of participants in the IDM, such as the bid-ask spread, were to be analysed empirically. Finally, a fundamental price model and models for trading should be used to investigate the market and the behaviour of its participants.
The project focus "Portfolio Management and Trading Strategies of Individual Market Participants" was dedicated to the development of models that can be used to investigate the behavior of market participants in the IDM. For this purpose, optimization problems had to be set up and solved. Not all problems could be solved analytically. Instead, numerical methods were used. Furthermore, methods for numerical solution in real time were investigated.
In the project focus "Market Equilibria and Regulatory Frameworks in Sustainable Electricity Systems", we initially dealt with the influences of the increasing integration of the European IDM (Market Coupling). In addition, we investigated possible regulatory changes with regard to marketing via the day-ahead market (DAM) and the IDM as well as scheduling.
This project was about the ways in which the public deals with neuralgic societal risks such as climate change, demographic change and state deficits in the 21st century (“big risks").
Analytics and Empirics of Emission Trading
In the acadamic discussion emission trading schemes (ETS) have emerged as a political instrument to both comply to emission targets and achieve this in a cost effcient way for all participants. However, until today most of the theoretical analysis in this area has been done in a qualitative rather than a quantitive way. In our research we aim to analyze already established ETS in terms of price volatility and jumpy behaviour and, based on this, point out alternative designs. We investigate how linking of different ETS effects the market price and consider various hybrid schemes. Our analysis is based on stochastic equilibrium models and employs techniques in financial mathematics used for option pricing.
Cooperation: We will closely work together with the research groups of
- Professor Fred Espen Benth, Centre of Mathematics for Application, Departement of Mathematics, University of Oslo, Norway
- Dr. Luca Taschini, Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics, UK
Stochastic Methods for Management and Valuation of Centralized and Decentralized Energy Storages in the Context of the Future German Energy System
As infeed of electricity from fluctuating renewable energy sources increases the balance between supply and demand in the current market is becoming increasingly difficult to establish. Here, an important role is attributed to storages which store power in times of great over-supply and release it in times of high demand. Disregarding issues of natural sciences and engineering the question of economic profitability of such storages will be discussed in the context of this project. For this purpose, we first model adequately the stochastic nature of the fluctuating infeed of wind and solar energy in particular with regard to time and spatial correlation patterns. Then, we want to link modelling approaches of financial mathematics and energy economics to obtain various applicable methods for the determination of optimal storage management, depending on economic restrictions such as available network or generation capacity