Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Kiesel


Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Kiesel

R11 T07 D39
+49 201 18-34963
+49 201 18-34974
Nach Vereinbarung


My main research areas are the risk management for power utility companies, bank, and insurance companies, modeling of electricity markets, valuation and hedging of derivatives (interest-rate, credit- and energy-related), optimal portfolio allocation under frictions.


  “Big risks”: perceptions, management and neuralgic societal risks in the 21st century (with Achim Goerres and Andreas Niederberger)

 This project is about the ways in which the public deals with neuralgic societal risks such as climate change, demographic change and state deficits in the 21st century (“big risks”). It aims to answer overarching questions from the three disciplinary perspectives of practical philosophy, political sociology and financial mathematics, all based at the interdisciplinary research cluster “Transformation of Contemporary Societies” at the University Duisburg-Essen.

Practical philosophy considers the epistemic difficulties of “knowing” risks and offers normative risk assessments and reactions to them. Political sociology studies the intersection between the political and the societal spheres and is equipped to deal with the effects of social and political positions on individual perceptions. Financial mathematics offers tools for the risk management of quantifiable risks and allows designing instruments for diversification and hedging of risks.

Whereas risk is a central concept in economics and business studies, its manifestations in a broader sense are rarely studied from a rigorous multi-disciplinary angle.

Analytics and Empirics of Intraday Trading of Electricity

(with Karsten Urban and Christoph Weber)

This project studies the empirics of electricity intraday markets using data on quarter-hour products. We will discuss the development of trading strategies and the construction of optimal portfolios for different market participants. We also aim to develop real-time trading strategies for practical applications. In addition, regulatory aspects for the generation of an efficient electricity markets will be investigated.

Model Risk in Energy Markets

While model risk has been studied in some detail in the context of financial mathematics model risk in the context of energy markets has been widely neglected. The aim of the project is to raise awareness of model risk and to provide tools for its quantification in energy markets. In particular, we consider the valuation of energy spread options which represent the financial alternative to investing in a (gas – or coal-fired) power plant. The valuation of such plants is important for the German market as they are regarded as bridging technology to provide capacity until electricity generated from renewable sources can be stored efficiently. We intend to apply our approach to other pricing question within the electricity market with a focus on short-term trading.

Structural Equilibrium Pricing Models

The aim of the project is the development and use of structural models for electricity prices, which will allow quantitative analysis for pricing and hedging of various electricity derivatives. We will also use the modeling approach to study the effect of market coupling on the prices of these derivatives.

Quantitative Climate Finance

Climate Change features a variety of uncertainties. Besides the physical implications, e.g. increased frequency and severity of storms, floods, draughts and extreme weather events, there are many economically relevant uncertainties in terms of political, social and regulatory reactions.

In particular, the quantification of climate risk in a probabilistic framework carries high uncertainties for probabilities of future developments (scenarios).

As a consequence, quantitative approaches are highly controversial in the academic and in particular in the public discussion. So far a systematic approach to the various degrees of uncertainty (ambiguity) is. We will provide a systematic classification of uncertainty for the discussion of the consequences of climate change and feed it in the discussion of the wider public.

Our focus will be the analysis of the consequences of the change of the world economy in the wake of climate change to aspects of financial markets. As during the climate summit 2015 in Paris far-reaching decisions towards a limitation of the global warming to the 2 degree Celsius have been taken, we will investigate the change towards a low-carbon world economy. So, we will investigate the consequences for financial institutions, investors and the regulation of financial and insurance markets.

A quantitative investigation needs a pricing of the economic costs of the carbon emissions to extend the standard pricing and risk management approaches. If such a pricing is done in the current literature typically CO2 permit prices are used and thus the price is too low by a significant margin. The basis of our investigation is therefore the construction of a carbon (-price) index, which will include a thorough treatment of the various aspects of uncertainty related to the modelling of climate change.  In doing so we use a decision-theoretic approach motivated from the asset pricing literature. In particular, it is necessary to use a realistic modelling of risk preferences as well as an explicit inclusion of the aversion towards ambiguity. Furthermore, in our analysis we separate risk and time preferences in the spirit of the approach of (Epstein-Zinn). 

As todays climate-policy decision will have long-term consequences, the above separation allows to appreciate the importance of the appropriate discount factor for the impact of these future consequences.

Our Index can be used to investigate the implication for capital markets and financial institutions of a more rigid climate policy. We will consider the valuation of companies on the capital markets, the analysis of companies towards their creditworthiness, and the structuring of carbon-friendly portfolios in asset allocation. In addition, we can quantify a carbon risk premium for companies, which can be used in terms of the portfolio management for equity as well as bond portfolios. Finally, we will be able to get a better view on the systemic risk that will be implied by a carbo-friendly revaluation of companies.


  • Kremer, M.; Kiesel, R.; Paraschiv, F.: An econometric model for intraday electricity trading. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Jg. 379 (2021) Nr. 2202. doi:10.1098/rsta.2019.0624VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Blasberg, A.; Kiesel, R.; Taschini, L.: Climate Default Swap – Disentangling the Exposure to Transition Risk Through CDS, 2021. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    The substantial economic transformation required to mitigate and adapt to climate change will lower the value of certain businesses as well as some firms' assets in the not-too-distant future. Firms will need to transition to a less carbon-intensive business model, but may do so at different times and at different speeds, incurring different costs and risks in the process. We propose and implement a novel market-based measure of exposure to transition risk (transition risk factor) and examine how this risk affects firms' creditworthiness. We discipline the exercise by using Credit Default Swap (CDS) spreads to capture differential exposure to transition risk across economic sectors. We show that the transition risk factor is a relevant determinant of CDS spreads and provide evidence of the relationship between the differential exposure to transition risk and firms' cost of default protection. This effect is particularly pronounced during deteriorating credit market movements. However, effects vary substantially across industries, reflecting the fact that transition risk impacts firms' valuation differently depending on their sector. Our findings also suggest that investors seek greater protection against transition risks in the short– to medium-term, indicating an expectation of a swift transformation of the entire economic structure.

  • Kramer, A.; Kiesel, R.: Exogenous factors for order arrivals on the intraday electricity market. In: Energy Economics, Jg. 97 (2021), S. 10518. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2021.105186VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Graf von Luckner, N.; Kiesel, R.: Modeling Market Order Arrivals on the Intraday Market for Electricity Deliveries in Germany with the Hawkes Process. In: Journal of Risk and Financial Management, Jg. 14 (2021) Nr. 4. doi:10.3390/jrfm14040161VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    We use point processes to analyze market order arrivals on the intraday market for hourly electricity deliveries in Germany in the second quarter of 2015. As we distinguish between buys and sells, we work in a multivariate setting. We model the arrivals with a Hawkes process whose baseline intensity comprises either only an exponentially increasing component or a constant in addition to the exponentially increasing component, and whose excitation decays exponentially. Our goodness-of-fit tests indicate that the models where the intensity of each market order type is excited at least by events of the same type are the most promising ones. Based on the Akaike information criterion, the model without a constant in the baseline intensity and only self-excitation is selected in almost 50% of the cases on both market sides. The typical jump size of intensities in case of the arrival of a market order of the same type is quite large, yet rather short lived. Diurnal patterns in the parameters of the baseline intensity and the branching ratio of self-excitation are observable. Contemporaneous relationships between different parameters such as the jump size and decay rate of self and cross-excitation are found.

  • Kremer, M.; Kiesel, R.; Paraschiv, F.: Intraday electricity pricing of night contracts. In: Energies, Jg. 13 (2020) Nr. 17, S. 4501. doi:10.3390/en13174501VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kremer, M.; Benth, F. E.; Felten, B.; Kiesel, R.: Volatility and liquidity on high-frequency electricity futures markets: Empirical analysis and stochastic modeling. In: International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance, Jg. 23 (2020) Nr. 4. doi:10.1142/S0219024920500272VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Glas, S.; Kiesel, R.; Kolkmann, S.; Kremer, M.; Graf von Luckner, N.; Ostmeier, L.; Urban, K.; Weber, C.: Intraday renewable electricity trading: Advanced modeling and numerical optimal control. In: Journal of Mathematics in Industry, Jg. 10 (2020) Nr. 3, S. 1-17. doi:10.1186/s13362-020-0071-xVolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Blasberg, A.; Graf von Luckner, N.; Kiesel, R.: Modeling the Serial Structure of the Hawkes Process Parameters for Market Order Arrivals on the German Intraday Power Market. In: 16th International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM) (2019), S. 1-6. doi:10.1109/EEM.2019.8916326VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    Existing research indicates that on the intraday market for power deliveries in Germany market orders tend to arrive in clusters. To capture such clustering, point processes with an intensity depending on past events, so-called Hawkes processes, appear to be promising. We consider the question whether there is a temporal structure prevalent in the parameters of Hawkes processes estimated for adjacent delivery hours. First we model a diurnal seasonality pattern found in the data and provide an economic intepretation for it. For the remaining decomposed series, we then propose simple (vector) autoregressive models to describe the serial structure. To evaluate our model we conduct a forecasting study. Testing against a benchmark model and a model without any serial structure, we find evidence for our proposed model. Our study reveals that capturing the serial structure in the parameters proves to be useful in understanding the underlying market microstructure.

  • Glas, S.; Kiesel, R.; Kolkmann, S.; Kremer, M.; Graf von Luckner, N.; Ostmeier, L.; Urban, K.; Weber, C.: Intraday renewable electricity trading: Advanced modeling and optimal control. In: Faragó, I.; Izsák, F.; Simon, P. (Hrsg.): Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 2018. Mathematics in Industry, vol 30. Springer, Cham, 2019, S. 469-475. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-27550-1_59VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel; Paraschiv, F.: Econometric analysis of 15-minute intraday electricity prices. In: Energy Economics, Jg. 64 (2017), S. 77-90. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Stahl, G.; J. Zheng, R. Kiesel; ̈Hlicke, R. Ru: The Wasserstein Metric and Robustness in Risk Management. In: Risks, Jg. 4 (2016) Nr. 32. doi:10.3390/risks4030032BIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Rahe, F.: Option pricing under time-varying risk aversion with applications to risk forecasting. In: Journal of Banking and Finance, Jg. 76 (2016) Nr. 3, S. 120-138. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Kustermann, M.: Structural Models for Coupled Electricity Markets. In: Journal of Commodity Markets, Jg. 3 (2016) Nr. 1, S. 1638. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, M. Mroz; ̈Ller, U. Stadtmu: Time-Varying Copula Models for Financial Time Series. In: Probability, Analysis and Number Theory, Jg. 48 (2016), S. 159-180. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Ya, Wen: Modelling the market price of risk for emission allowance certificates. In: Nunno, G. Di; Benth, F. E. (Hrsg.): Stochastics of environmental and financial economics. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics, 2015. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Harms, C.; Kiesel, R.: Application of electricity bid stack models for dynamic hedging purposes. In: Journal of Energy Markets, Jg. 10 (2015) Nr. 1, S. 1-29. BIB DownloadDetails
  • S. Ebbeler, F. E. Benth; Kiesel, R.: Indifference Pricing of Weather Derivatives based on Electricity Futures. In: Prokopczuk, M. (Hrsg.): Energy Pricing Models: Recent Advances, Methods, and Tools. Palgrave Macmillan, New York 2014. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, A. Rupp; Urban, K.: Valuation of structured financial products by adaptive multilevel. In: Al., S. Dalhlke Et. (Hrsg.): Extraction of Quantifiable Information from Complex Systems. Springer, Heidelberg 2014. BIB DownloadDetails
  • F. E. Benth, R. Kiesel; Nazarova, A.: A critical empirical study of three electricity spot price models. In: Energy Economics journal, Jg. 34 (2013) Nr. 5, S. 1589-1616. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2011.11.012VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Biegler-König, F. E. Benth; Kiesel, R.: Electricity Options and Additional Information, Working Paper. F. E. Benth, V. Kholodnyi; Laurence, P. (Hrsg.), Quantitative Energy Finance, Springer 2013. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Biegler-König, F. E. Benth; Kiesel, R.: An Empirical Study of the Information Premium on Electricity Markets, 36:55-77. Energy Economics, 2013. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Metka, K.: A Multivariate Commodity Analysis with Time-Dependent Volatility - Evidence from the German Energy Market. In: Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft, Jg. 37 (2013) Nr. 2, S. 107-126. doi:10.1007/s12398-012-0102-4VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Grüll, G.; Kiesel, R.: Quantifying the CO2 Permit Price Sensitivity. In: Zeitschrift für Energiewirtschaft, Jg. 36 (2012) Nr. 2, S. 101-111. doi:10.1007/s12398-012-0082-4VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • D. Bauer, F. E. Benth; Kiesel, R.: Modelling the forward surface of mortality. In: SIAM Journal on Financial Mathematics, Jg. 3 (2012) Nr. 1, S. 639-666. doi:10.1137/100818261VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.: Martingales. In: Lovric, M. (Hrsg.): International Encyclopedia of Statistical Science. Springer, 2011, S. 779-781. BIB DownloadDetails
  • J. Gernard, R. Kiesel; Stoll, S. - O: Valuation of Commodity-Based Swing Options. In: Journal of Energy Markets (2010) Nr. 3, S. 91-112. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • N. H. Bingham, J. M. Fry; Kiesel, R.: Multivariate elliptical processes. In: Statistica Neerlandica (2010) Nr. 64 (3), S. 352-366. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Scherer, P.: The Freight Market and its Derivatives. In: R. Kiesel, M. Scherer; Zagst, Rudi (Hrsg.): Alternative Assets and Strategies. World Scientific, 2010, S. 71-90. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Scherer, M.: Structural default risk models. In: Encyclopedia of Quantitative Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All , 2010. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Lutz, M.: Efficient pricing of CMS spread options in a stochastic volatility LMM. In: Journal of Computational Finance, Jg. 14 (2010) Nr. 3, S. 37-72. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails

    Working Paper available at:

  • D. Bauer, D. Bergmann; Kiesel, R.: On the risk-neutral valuation of life insurance contracts with numerical methods in view. In: Astin Bulletin (2010) Nr. 40, S. 65-95. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, R. Börger; Schindlmayr, G.: A two-factor model for the electricity forward market. In: Quantitative Finance, Jg. 9 (2009) Nr. 3, S. 279-287. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Börger, R.; Cartea, A.; Kiesel, R.; Schindelmayer, G.: A multivariate commodity analysis and applications to risk management. In: Journal of Future Markets (2009) Nr. 29 (3), S. 197-217. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • F. E. Benth, A. Cartea; Kiesel, R.: Pricing forward contracts in power markets by the certainty equivalence principle: Explaining the sign of the market risk premium. In: Journal of Banking and Finance, Jg. 32 (2008) Nr. 10, S. 2006-2021. doi:10.1016/j.jbankfin.2007.12.022VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, L. Veraart: Asset-based Estimates for Default Probabilities for Commercial Banks. In: Journal of Credit Risk, Jg. 4 (2008) Nr. 2. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Liebmann, T.; Kassberger, S.: Fair valuation of insurance contracts under Lévy process specifications. In: Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Jg. 42 (2007) Nr. 1, S. 419-433. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, S. Kassberger: A fully parametric approach to return modelling and risk management for hedge funds. In: Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Jg. 4 (2006), S. 472-491. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Bauer, D.; Kling, A.; Ruß, J.: Risk neutral valuation of with profit life insurance contracts. In: Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Jg. 39 (2006), S. 171-183. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, R. Schmidt: A survey of dependency modelling: Copulas, tail dependence and estimation. In: Perraudin, W. (Hrsg.): Structured Credit Products. RISK Book, 2005. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Lesko, M.; Prestele, C.: Modellierung von Abhängigkeiten bei der Bewertung von Verbriefungen. In: Braun, H.; Gruber, J.; Gruber, W. (Hrsg.): Praktiker-Handbuch – Asset-Backed-Securities und Kreditderivate. Schäffer-Poeschel Verlag, Stuttgart 2005. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, T. Kleinow: Fair Value-basierende Optionspreisbewertung, R. Heyd, H. Bieg (Hrsg.), Vahlen, 2005. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Börger, R.; Kiesel, R.: Finanzmathematische Modelle für Strompreise. In: emw (2004) Nr. 6. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, H. Höfling; Löffler, G.: Understanding the Corporate Bond Yield Curve. In: The Pension Forum, Jg. 15 (2004), S. 2-34. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, S. Kassberger: F. Black und M.Scholes als Aktuare: Anwendungen der Optionspreistheorie in der Lebensversicherungsmathematik. In: Spremann, K. (Hrsg.): Versicherung im Umbruch. Springer, 2004. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, W. Perraudin; Taylor, A.: An extremes analysis of VaRs for emerging market benchmark bonds. In: Al., G. Bol Et (Hrsg.): Credit Risk: Measurement, Evaluation and Management. Physica-Verlag, 2004. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Bingham, N. H.; Schmidt, R.: A semi-parametric approach to risk management. In: Quantitative Finance, Jg. 3 (2003), S. 426-441. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, W. Perraudin; Taylor, A.: The structure of credit risk: Spread volatility and ratings transitions. In: Journal of Risk, Jg. 6 (2003), S. 1-27. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, Y. -T. Hu; Perraudin, W.: Estimation of transition matrices for sovereign credit risk. In: Journal of Banking and Finance, Jg. 26 (2002) Nr. 7, S. 1383-1406. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, U. Stadtmüller: Dimensions of credit risk - Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V. In: M. Schwaiger, O. Opitz (Hrsg.): Exploratory Data Analysis in Empirical Research. Springer, 2002. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, T. Kleinow: Sensitivity analysis of credit portfolio models. In: in G. Stahl W. Härdle, T. Kleinow (Hrsg.): Applied Quantitative Finance. Springer, 2002. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel: Nonparametric statistical methods and the pricing of derivative securities. In: Journal of Applied Mathematics & Decision Sciences, Jg. 6 (2002) Nr. 1, S. 1-22. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • Bingham, N. H.; Kiesel, R.: Semi-parametric modelling in finance: theoretical foundations. In: Quantitative Finance, Jg. 2 (2002), S. 241-250. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, N. H. Bingham: Modelling asset returns with hyperbolic distributions. In: Knight, J.; Satchel, S. (Hrsg.): Asset return distributions. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2001, S. 1-20. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, N. H. Bingham: Hyperbolic and semi-parametric models in finance. In: Sollich, P.; Coolen, A. C. C.; Houghston, L. P.; ; Streater, R. F. (Hrsg.): Disordered and Complex Systems. 2001. BIB DownloadDetails
  • R. Kiesel, W. Perraudin; Taylor, A.: Estimating volatility for long holding periods. In: Measuring Risk in Complex Systems, eds. W.Härdle,J.Franke,G.Stahl, Springer (2000), S. 19-30. BIB DownloadDetails
  • Kiesel, R.; Schmid, B.; Risklab; Germany: Aspekte der stochastischen Modellierung von Ausfallwahrscheinlichkeiten in Kreditportfoliomodellen. In: Kreditrisikomanagement, ed.K.Oehler, Schäffer-Poeschel Verlag (2000), S. 51-83. VolltextBIB DownloadDetails
  • (Hrsg.): Mathematical framework for integrating market and credit risk, . BIB DownloadDetails
  • Bannör, K.; Kiesel, R.; Nazarova, A.; Scherer, M.: Model Risk for Energy Markets. In: Energy Economics, Jg. 59 , S. 423-434. doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2016.08.004BIB DownloadDetails


Lehrveranstaltungen im WS

Betreute Abschlussarbeiten:

  • Hedging carbon risk (Bachelorarbeit Betriebswirtschaftslehre, in Bearbeitung)
  • Construction of hourly price forward curves in electricity markets (Bachelorarbeit Betriebswirtschaftslehre)
  • Risikoprämien in Commodity Märkten (Bachelorarbeit Betriebswirtschaftslehre)